what is a web developer?

As a web developer, you use coding languages to build web applications and websites. Sometimes, a design team creates the website design, and your job is to write the code that turns it into a website. Other times, you have to liaise with a client and discuss their needs or style for the website and design it.

You also write the programming code that controls the functionality of a website. That means you should ensure users can navigate the site easily and perform various functions. For instance, you can build pages on a website like a paywall for recording payment details or a command to provide a newsletter or email.

job description of a web developer

As a web developer, it is crucial to be familiar with web servers and technology. You also need to understand several programming languages necessary for developing a website. Some of the coding languages for producing a modern website include HTML, JavaScript and HTML5. As new languages emerge, you have to familiarise yourself to stay competitive.

In addition to developing a user interface and layout, a developer keeps the site up-to-date with content and fresh updates to improve its functionality. For instance, you need to regularly update the security protocols and ensure the site performs all the necessary functions. 

Would a job in IT and tech as a web developer suit your interest in technology and artistic eye? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a web developer role.

web developer jobs

average salary of a web developer

According to National Careers, the salary of a web developer starts at £20,000 a year. Once you have adequate experience and skills to perform complex tasks, you are likely to earn over £50,000 per year. The projects' complexity and work hours boost your earnings through overtime pay for working evenings and weekends. Some companies also have bonuses and paid vacations. If your employer pays on a project basis, your earnings will fluctuate depending on the complexity of the task.

what affects the salary of a web developer?

The earnings of web developers are tied to various factors, from the location and company size to educational requirements and experience level. Your compensation package often depends on the local salary rates in the location. The earnings fluctuate from one place to another due to the varied cost of living. Working in major cities guarantees better pay due to the high cost of living and demand for web developers. Even if you work remotely, your location still determines your pay rates.

Also, keep in mind the company size when looking for a better salary. Multinationals often have deeper pockets and pay more, while start-ups may have lower wages. Your skillset and years of experience also impact your compensation package. Entry-level positions offer lower than average salaries, but you can increase your salary if you have additional soft skills or management experience.



types of web developers

  • front-end developer: your job is to develop the site's layout and the technical features to improve the website's look. You integrate applications, graphics and content to improve user experience.
  • back-end developer: you are responsible for the technical aspects of a site, from basic framework to managing databases. You also establish procedures that allow users to access various functions on the site.
  • full-stack developer: your job is to accomplish both back-end and front-end functions. You complete the design and write code to guide the functions of a site based on the client's needs.
  • java developer: you write codes using JavaScript that control the website and enhance or modify sites. Most java developers work on the front-end layout, but the programming language isn't limited to the user interface.
  • webmasters: you are responsible for updating and maintaining websites. You ensure they work correctly by testing for errors and broken links.

What type of web developer are you?


working as a web developer

Working as a web developer involves creating websites, from the technical aspects to the appearance and functionality. Let's explore the roles and work environment to expect.

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education and skills

A web developer needs the following educational qualifications:

  • degree: as a web developer, you need in-depth programming knowledge and the digital landscape. A degree in computer science or web design is a great way to join the field. A higher national diploma in web design also helps you acquire knowledge in web development.
  • short courses: you don't need formal training to become a web developer. You can acquire the skills for the role through short training sessions and boot camps. Take a short course to learn programming languages suitable for the position. Boot camps also improve your coding skills and give you certification in various programming languages.
  • apprenticeship: different employers offer apprenticeship programmes to candidates with a background in programming. If you are passionate about coding and lack post-secondary education, an apprenticeship in software development or digital technology solutions is good for you.

skills and competencies

The skills you need for the web developer role include:

  • communication skills: as a web developer, you communicate with multiple stakeholders before designing a website. You should be a good listener and explain the requirements to clients without technical jargon. Sometimes, you have to make a presentation to the design team, and communication skills come in handy.
  • continuous learning: to succeed as a web developer, you have to learn new techniques daily and study upcoming technologies. This requires natural curiosity and passion for web design. Continuous learning helps you stay on top of the latest designs and scripts released daily.
  • perfectionism: as a web developer, you need to double-check your code for bugs and regularly fix any problems. Perfectionists always find something to improve on a website.
  • organisation and time management skills: if you handle multiple projects, you need organisational skills to stay on top of the tasks and workflows. Organisational skills help you develop a work schedule and meet deadlines.



FAQs about working as a web developer

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